Data Publications

Multiple 10Be records revealing the history of cosmic-ray variations across the Iceland Basin excursion (Supplementary tables)

  • Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition
  • 2016
  • Multiple 10Be records revealing the history of cosmic-ray variations across the Iceland Basin excursion (Supplementary tables)
  • A20180613-017
  • geomagnetic excursion
  • ice core
  • beryllium isotopes
  • cosmic-ray variation
  • global synchronization
  • paleomagnetism
  • solar variability
  • K. Horiuchi, K. Kamata, S. Maejima, S. Sasaki, N. Sasaki, T. Yamazaki, S. Fujita, H. Motoyama, H. Matsuzaki, Multiple 10Be records revealing the history of cosmic-ray variations across the Iceland Basin excursion. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 440 (2016) 105-114 / Horiuchi, K., A. Ohta, T. Uchida, H. Matsuzaki, Y. Shibata, and H. Motoyama. 2007. Concentration of 10Be in an ice core from the Dome Fuji station, Eastern Antarctica: Preliminary results from 1500 to 1810 yr AD Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Vol. 259, Issue 1, June 2007, pp. 584-587. doi:10.1016/j.nimb.2007.01.306
  • Cosmogenic 10Be is a proxy of cosmic-ray flux, and its natural records provide vital information about the past intensity variability of the geomagnetic field and solar activity. 10Be records also serve as powerful tools for global synchronization among a variety of paleoarchives and for elucidating sedimentary processes on natural remanent magnetization acquisition. However, high-resolution (multi-decadal to multi-centennial) records of 10Be are scarce, especially those older than several tens of thousands of years. Here we present multiple high-resolution 10Be records of the Iceland Basin geomagnetic excursion interval (ca. 170-200 kyr ago) obtained from sediment cores (authigenic 10Be/9Be ratio) and an ice core (atmospheric 10Be flux). Comparing sedimentary 10Be records with relative paleointensity from the same cores, we found differences in the magnetic lock-in depth, even between adjacent cores. The 10Be-proxy records from the sediment and ice cores exhibit common characteristics: an asymmetric large-scale variation, a ~7-kyr quasi-plateau around the maximum with a characteristic mid-term depression, and multi-millennial fluctuations in cosmic-ray flux during this interval. Minimal-synchronized and stacked 10Be records show that maximum cosmic-ray flux occurred 188.5 - 190.0 kyr ago and was double the present flux. A wavelet analysis of the stacked curve reveals dominant 4-kyr and secondary 8-kyr periodicities, both of which can be interpreted as intrinsic geomagnetic cycles. The wavelet spectrum of the high-resolution ice-core record shows a periodicity of 1.7 kyr and somewhat intermingled multi-centennial cycles around the maxima of 10Be, which likely represent solar cycles in this period. High-resolution 10Be records from multiple paleoarchives provide both a robust proxy record of cosmic-ray flux and a valuable tool for detailed global synchronization based on cosmic-ray variations.
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