Food science

  • Food Science
  • Related to the study of products of human consumption specifically for purposes of human nourishment and nutrition. 
Abstract from DBPedia
    Food science is the basic science and applied science of food; its scope starts at overlap with agricultural science and nutrition and leads through the scientific aspects of food safety and food processing, informing the development of food technology. The Institute of Food Technologists defines food science as "the discipline in which the engineering, biological, and physical sciences are used to study the nature of foods, the causes of deterioration, the principles underlying food processing, and the improvement of foods for the consuming public". The textbook Food Science defines food science in simpler terms as "the application of basic sciences and engineering to study the physical, chemical, and biochemical nature of foods and the principles of food processing". Activities of food technologists include the development of new food products, design of processes to produce these foods, choice of packaging materials, shelf-life studies, sensory evaluation of products using survey panels or potential consumers, as well as microbiological and chemical testing. Food scientists may study more fundamental phenomena that are directly linked to the production of food products and its properties. Food science brings together multiple scientific disciplines. It incorporates concepts from fields such as chemistry, physics, physiology, microbiology, biochemistry. Food technology incorporates concepts from chemical engineering, for example.

    食品科学(しょくひんかがく、英語: Food science、食品学や食科学と呼ばれることもある。Gastronomic Arts and Sciences)は、食品を研究対象とした応用科学でありまた、人文科学·社会科学·自然科学における知見を統合的に適用して食に関する諸問題を研究し、あるいは解決を図る学際的な学問領域でもある。 は、食品科学を「工学、生物学、物理学を適用して食品に纏わる自然現象や品質低下の原因、に関する法則を研究し、一般消費者が消費する食品の改良を対象とする学問」 と定義している。書籍Food Scienceでは、一般的な用語としての食品科学を「基礎科学と、食品や食品加工の原理に纏わる物理、化学、生物学的現象を研究する工学の応用」と定義している。