Food

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  • food
definition
  • A material that can be ingested and utilized by the organism as a source of nutrition and energy.
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Abstract from DBPedia
    Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism and assimilated by the organism's cells to provide energy, maintain life, or stimulate growth. Historically, people secured food through two methods: hunting and gathering and agriculture. Today, the majority of the food energy required by the ever increasing population of the world is supplied by the food industry. Food safety and food security are monitored by agencies like the International Association for Food Protection, World Resources Institute, World Food Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization, and International Food Information Council. They address issues such as sustainability, biological diversity, climate change, nutritional economics, population growth, water supply, and access to food. The right to food is a human right derived from the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), recognizing the "right to an adequate standard of living, including adequate food", as well as the "fundamental right to be free from hunger".

    食品(しょくひん、食べ物、英: food、羅: alimentum)は、人間が食事で摂取する物。最初の食品は母乳。地域や時代において広く用いられる食品として、ペミカンや缶詰が挙げられる。 食品と同義であり明確な線引はないが、肉類や野菜類、果実類など主食品以外の食べ物品目、または調理前の食品を食料品(しょくりょうひん)とすることもある。 人間は生きるために、食品を食べて栄養素の摂取している。医療を目的としたものは薬とよび、食品と区別される事が多いが、薬とは定義されない健康食品と呼ばれるものもある。 生物は食品を味わうことは快楽になるので、嗜好品としての要素もある。

    (Source: http://dbpedia.org/resource/Food)