• chemistry
  • The scientific study of the properties, composition, and structure of matter, the changes in structure and composition of matter, and accompanying energy changes.
Abstract from DBPedia
    Chemistry is the scientific study of the properties and behavior of matter. It is a natural science that covers the elements that make up matter to the compounds made of atoms, molecules and ions: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other substances. Chemistry also addresses the nature of chemical bonds in chemical compounds. In the scope of its subject, chemistry occupies an intermediate position between physics and biology. It is sometimes called the central science because it provides a foundation for understanding both basic and applied scientific disciplines at a fundamental level. For example, chemistry explains aspects of plant growth (botany), the formation of igneous rocks (geology), how atmospheric ozone is formed and how environmental pollutants are degraded (ecology), the properties of the soil on the moon (cosmochemistry), how medications work (pharmacology), and how to collect DNA evidence at a crime scene (forensics).

    化学(かがく、英語: chemistry ケミストリー、羅語:chemia ケーミア)とは、さまざまな物質の構造・性質および物質相互の反応を研究する、自然科学の一部門である。物質が、何から、どのような構造で出来ているか、どんな特徴や性質を持っているか、そして相互作用や反応によってどのように、何に変化するか、を研究するとも言い換えられる。 日本語では同音異義の「科学」(英: science)との混同をさけるため、化学を湯桶読みして「ばけがく」とよぶこともある。


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