• biotechnology
  • A combination of biology and technology. It is used to describe developments in the application of biological organisms for commercial and scientific purposes. So "bio" stands for biology and the science of life, and "tech" stands for technology, or the tools and techniques that the biotechnologists have in their workbox. Those tools and techniques include microorganisms and a range of methods for manipulating them, such as genetic engineering.
Abstract from DBPedia
    Biotechnology is a broad area of biology, involving the use of living systems and organisms to develop or make products. Depending on the tools and applications, it often overlaps with related scientific fields. In the late 20th and early 21st centuries, biotechnology has expanded to include new and diverse sciences, such as genomics, recombinant gene techniques, applied immunology, and development of pharmaceutical therapies and diagnostic tests. The term biotechnology was first used by Karl Ereky in 1919, meaning the production of products from raw materials with the aid of living organisms.

    生物工学(せいぶつこうがく、英語: biological engineering)は、生物学の知見を元にし、実社会に有用な利用法をもたらす技術の総称である。ただし定義は明確ではなく、バイオテクノロジー(英語: biotechnlogy)やバイオニクス(英語: bionics)の訳語として使われる場合が多く、この両方を含んだ学問の領域と捉えることに矛盾しない。また、特に遺伝子操作をする場合には、遺伝子工学と呼ばれる場合もある。