Technology

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  • technology
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  • Systematic knowledge of and its application to industrial processes; closely related to engineering and science.
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Abstract from DBPedia
    Technology ("science of craft", from Greek τέχνη, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -λογία, -logia) is the sum of any techniques, skills, methods, and processes used in the production of goods or services or in the accomplishment of objectives, such as scientific investigation. Technology can be the knowledge of techniques, processes, and the like, or it can be embedded in machines to allow for operation without detailed knowledge of their workings. Systems (e.g. machines) applying technology by taking an input, changing it according to the system's use, and then producing an outcome are referred to as technology systems or technological systems. The simplest form of technology is the development and use of basic tools. The prehistoric invention of shaped stone tools followed by the discovery of how to control fire increased sources of food. The later Neolithic Revolution extended this, and quadrupled the sustenance available from a territory. The invention of the wheel helped humans to travel in and control their environment. Developments in historic times, including the printing press, the telephone, and the Internet, have lessened physical barriers to communication and allowed humans to interact freely on a global scale. Technology has many effects. It has helped develop more advanced economies (including today's global economy) and has allowed the rise of a leisure class. Many technological processes produce unwanted by-products known as pollution and deplete natural resources to the detriment of Earth's environment. Innovations have always influenced the values of a society and raised new questions in the ethics of technology. Examples include the rise of the notion of efficiency in terms of human productivity, and the challenges of bioethics. Philosophical debates have arisen over the use of technology, with disagreements over whether technology improves the human condition or worsens it. Neo-Luddism, anarcho-primitivism, and similar reactionary movements criticize the pervasiveness of technology, arguing that it harms the environment and alienates people; proponents of ideologies such as transhumanism and techno-progressivism view continued technological progress as beneficial to society and the human condition.

    テクノロジー(英語: technology, 中国語: 科技)または科学技術、技術学とは基本的に「特定の分野における知識の実用化」や、「科学的知識を個別領域における実際的目的のために工学的に応用する方法論」を指す用語・概念。そこから派生して「テクノロジー」は、科学的知識をもちいて開発された機械類や道具類を指すこともある。また「エンジニアリングや応用科学を扱う、知識の一部門」ともされる。テクノロジーの語源は古代ギリシア語「テクネー」であり、これは学術・芸術・知識(エピステーメー)や制作的な知識(ロゴス)・能力等も指す。 テクノロジーという言葉は組織的手法、技術といった、より広いテーマを指すこともある。→

    (Source: http://dbpedia.org/resource/Technology)

    Technology ("science of craft", from Greek τέχνη, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -λογία, -logia) is the sum of any techniques, skills, methods, and processes used in the production of goods or services or in the accomplishment of objectives, such as scientific investigation. Technology can be the knowledge of techniques, processes, and the like, or it can be embedded in machines to allow for operation without detailed knowledge of their workings. Systems (e.g. machines) applying technology by taking an input, changing it according to the system's use, and then producing an outcome are referred to as technology systems or technological systems. The simplest form of technology is the development and use of basic tools. The prehistoric invention of shaped stone tools followed by the discovery of how to control fire increased sources of food. The later Neolithic Revolution extended this, and quadrupled the sustenance available from a territory. The invention of the wheel helped humans to travel in and control their environment. Developments in historic times, including the printing press, the telephone, and the Internet, have lessened physical barriers to communication and allowed humans to interact freely on a global scale. Technology has many effects. It has helped develop more advanced economies (including today's global economy) and has allowed the rise of a leisure class. Many technological processes produce unwanted by-products known as pollution and deplete natural resources to the detriment of Earth's environment. Innovations have always influenced the values of a society and raised new questions in the ethics of technology. Examples include the rise of the notion of efficiency in terms of human productivity, and the challenges of bioethics. Philosophical debates have arisen over the use of technology, with disagreements over whether technology improves the human condition or worsens it. Neo-Luddism, anarcho-primitivism, and similar reactionary movements criticize the pervasiveness of technology, arguing that it harms the environment and alienates people; proponents of ideologies such as transhumanism and techno-progressivism view continued technological progress as beneficial to society and the human condition.

    工学(こうがく、英: engineering)またはエンジニアリングとは、基礎科学である数学・化学・物理学などを工業生産に応用する学問。「真理の探究」を目指す基礎科学と「実用」を目指す工学の違いは絶対的ではなく、例えば電子工学や薬品生産などがあると『日本大百科全書』は述べている。これらの分野では、基礎科学・基礎研究の成果が応用科学・研究開発の中へと直接組み込まれている。 「理工学」および「医工学」も参照 日本の国立8大学の工学部を中心とした文書、「工学における教育プログラムに関する検討委員会」(1998年)では次の通り定義されている。 『世界大百科事典』では、工学は「エネルギーや自然の利用を通じて便宜を得る技術一般」とされている。工学が対象とする領域は広く、様々な工学分野に専門分化している。

    (Source: http://dbpedia.org/resource/Technology)