Forestry

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  • forestry
definition
  • The management of forest lands for wood, forages, water, wildlife, and recreation.
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  • http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_3055
Abstract from DBPedia
    Forestry is the science and craft of creating, managing, planting, using, conserving and repairing forests, woodlands, and associated resources for human and environmental benefits. Forestry is practiced in plantations and natural stands. The science of forestry has elements that belong to the biological, physical, social, political and managerial sciences. Modern forestry generally embraces a broad range of concerns, in what is known as multiple-use management, including: * The provision of timber * Fuel wood * Wildlife habitat * Natural water quality management * Recreation * Landscape and community protection * Employment * Aesthetically appealing landscapes * Biodiversity management * Watershed management * Erosion control * Preserving forests as "sinks" for atmospheric carbon dioxide A practitioner of forestry is known as a forester. Another common term is silviculturist. Silviculture is narrower than forestry, being concerned only with forest plants, but is often used synonymously with forestry. Forest ecosystems have come to be seen as the most important component of the biosphere, and forestry has emerged as a vital applied science, craft, and technology. All people depend upon forests and their biodiversity, some more than others. Forestry is an important economic segment in various industrial countries, as forests provide more than 86 million green jobs and support the livelihoods of many more people. For example, in Germany, forests cover nearly a third of the land area, wood is the most important renewable resource, and forestry supports more than a million jobs and about €181 billion of value to the German economy each year. Worldwide, an estimated 880 million people spend part of their time collecting fuelwood or producing charcoal, many of them women. Human populations tend to be low in areas of low-income countries with high forest cover and high forest biodiversity, but poverty rates in these areas tend to be high. Some 252 million people living in forests and savannahs have incomes of less than US$1.25 per day.

    林学(りんがく、英語:silviculture)は、森林、林業に関する学問分野で、造林学、林政学、森林計画学(森林経営学)、砂防・治山学(森林土木学)、森林利用学(林業工学)、林産科学、森林計測学などに細分されている。 大学、大学院においては、農学部内にかつては林学科、現在森林科学科などの名称で学科や専攻コースが置かれる場合が多い。

    (Source: http://dbpedia.org/resource/Forestry)

    Forestry is the science and craft of creating, managing, planting, using, conserving and repairing forests, woodlands, and associated resources for human and environmental benefits. Forestry is practiced in plantations and natural stands. The science of forestry has elements that belong to the biological, physical, social, political and managerial sciences. Modern forestry generally embraces a broad range of concerns, in what is known as multiple-use management, including: * The provision of timber * Fuel wood * Wildlife habitat * Natural water quality management * Recreation * Landscape and community protection * Employment * Aesthetically appealing landscapes * Biodiversity management * Watershed management * Erosion control * Preserving forests as "sinks" for atmospheric carbon dioxide A practitioner of forestry is known as a forester. Another common term is silviculturist. Silviculture is narrower than forestry, being concerned only with forest plants, but is often used synonymously with forestry. Forest ecosystems have come to be seen as the most important component of the biosphere, and forestry has emerged as a vital applied science, craft, and technology. All people depend upon forests and their biodiversity, some more than others. Forestry is an important economic segment in various industrial countries, as forests provide more than 86 million green jobs and support the livelihoods of many more people. For example, in Germany, forests cover nearly a third of the land area, wood is the most important renewable resource, and forestry supports more than a million jobs and about €181 billion of value to the German economy each year. Worldwide, an estimated 880 million people spend part of their time collecting fuelwood or producing charcoal, many of them women. Human populations tend to be low in areas of low-income countries with high forest cover and high forest biodiversity, but poverty rates in these areas tend to be high. Some 252 million people living in forests and savannahs have incomes of less than US$1.25 per day.

    林業(りんぎょう、英:forestry)とは、山林で経済的利用を目的として樹木を伐採し木材(林産物)を生産する産業である。また、林木を植林、育成、管理し林産物を生産する産業である。第一次産業の一つ。

    (Source: http://dbpedia.org/resource/Forestry)