• afforestation
  • 1) Establishment of a new forest by seeding or planting of nonforested land. 2) The planting of trees on land which was previously used for other uses than forestry. 3) The planting of trees in an area, or the management of an area to allow trees to regenerate or colonize naturally, in order to produce a forest.
Abstract from DBPedia
    Afforestation is the establishment of a forest or stand of trees (forestation) in an area where there was no previous tree cover. Many government and non-governmental organizations directly engage in afforestation programs to create forests and increase carbon capture. Afforestation is an increasingly sought-after method to fight climate concerns, as it is known to increase the soil quality and organic carbon levels into the soil, avoiding desertification. The rate of net forest loss decreased substantially over the period 1990–2020 due to a reduction in deforestation in some countries, plus increases in forest area in others through afforestation and the natural expansion of forests. A 2019 study of the global potential for tree restoration showed that there is space for at least 9 million km2 of new forests worldwide, which is a 25% increase from current conditions. This forested area could store up to 205 gigatons of carbon or 25% of the atmosphere's current carbon pool by reducing CO2 in the atmosphere and introducing more O2.

    植林(しょくりん、英: Afforestation)は、木材生産や森林保全を目的として、木を植えることである。森林保全の中には、地盤の安定化、水資源の確保、生態系の保全、防風、防砂といったさまざまな目的が含まれる。造林とほぼ同義とされることもあるが、造林の一部、すなわち人為的な植樹による人工造林のみを植林とすることもある。林学上、afforestation(狭義の植林、造林)とreforestation(森林再生)を総て広義の植林あるいは造林を定義し得る。