|Abstract from DBPedia||
Agroforestry is a land use management system in which trees or shrubs are grown around or among crops or pastureland. This diversification of the farming system initiates an agroecological succession, like that in natural ecosystems, and so starts a chain of events that enhance the functionality and sustainability of the farming system. Trees also produce a wide range of useful and marketable products from fruits/nuts, medicines, wood products, etc. This intentional combination of agriculture and forestry has multiple benefits, such as greatly enhanced yields from staple food crops, enhanced farmer livelihoods from income generation, increased biodiversity, improved soil structure and health, reduced erosion, and carbon sequestration. Agroforestry practices are highly beneficial in the tropics, especially in subsistence smallholdings in sub-Saharan Africa and have been found to be beneficial in Europe and the United States. Agroforestry shares principles with intercropping but can also involve much more complex multi-strata agroforests containing hundreds of species. Agroforestry can also utilise nitrogen-fixing plants such as legumes to restore soil nitrogen fertility. The nitrogen-fixing plants can be planted either sequentially or simultaneously.
アグロフォレストリー (英語：Agroforestry) とは、樹木を植栽し、樹間で家畜・農作物を飼育・栽培する農林業である。「アグロフォレストリー」と言う用語は、1970年代中期のカナダ国際開発研究センターの林学者ベネらが主導する思想的研究の中で誕生した。農林複合経営（のうりんふくごうけいえい）、混農林業（こんのうりんぎょう）、森林農業（しんりんのうぎょう）ともいう。アグロフォレストリーは、組み合わせる樹木や家畜・農作物が地域によって異なるため、地域ごとに様々な形態をとりうる。