• ethics
  • The philosophical study of the moral value of human conduct and of the rules and principles that ought to govern it.
Abstract from DBPedia
    Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that "involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong behavior". The field of ethics, along with aesthetics, concerns matters of value; these fields comprise the branch of philosophy called axiology. Ethics seeks to resolve questions of human morality by defining concepts such as good and evil, right and wrong, virtue and vice, justice and crime. As a field of intellectual inquiry, moral philosophy is related to the fields of moral psychology, descriptive ethics, and value theory. Three major areas of study within ethics recognized today are: 1. * Meta-ethics, concerning the theoretical meaning and reference of moral propositions, and how their truth values (if any) can be determined; 2. * Normative ethics, concerning the practical means of determining a moral course of action; 3. * Applied ethics, concerning what a person is obligated (or permitted) to do in a specific situation or a particular domain of action.

    倫理学(りんりがく、英: ethics、羅: ethica)または道徳哲学(どうとくてつがく、英: moral philosophy)、道徳学(どうとくがく、英: moral science)は、行動の規範となる物事の道徳的な評価を検討する哲学の一分野。 「倫理」および「道徳」も参照 法哲学・政治哲学も規範や価値をその研究の対象として持つが、こちらは国家的な行為についての規範(法や正義)を論ずることとなる。ただしこれら二つの学問分野が全く違う分野として扱われるようになったのは比較的最近である。