• bioethics
  • The study of ethical problems arising from biological research and its applications in such fields as organ transplantation, genetic engineering, or artificial insemination.
Abstract from DBPedia
    Bioethics is both a field of study and professional practice, interested in ethical issues related to health (primarily focused on the human, but also increasingly includes animal ethics), including those emerging from advances in biology, medicine and technologies. It proposes the discussion about moral discernment in society (what decisions are "good" or "bad" and why) and it is often related to medical policy and practice, but also to broader questions as environment, well-being and public health. Bioethics is concerned with the ethical questions that arise in the relationships among life sciences, biotechnology, medicine, politics, law, theology and philosophy. It includes the study of values relating to primary care, other branches of medicine ("the ethics of the ordinary"), ethical education in science, animal, and environmental ethics, and public health.

    生命倫理学(せいめいりんりがく、英: Bioethics、生命倫理、バイオエシクス)とは、生物学と医学の発展から生じた種々の倫理的な問題を研究する学問である。またそれは医療におけるポリシーと実践に関連する道徳的な見識とすることもできる。生命倫理はライフサイエンス、バイオテクノロジー、医学と医療倫理、政治、法律、そして哲学といった分野の関係性において生じる倫理的な問題を扱い、他の医学分野(例えばプライマリーケアにおけるなど)に関連する価値観の探求をも含む。倫理(学)とは生物科学の領域の外にあるその他多くの科学にも関連するものなのである。