The EMCA landslide catalog of Central Asia covers mostly western and northern Kyrgyzstan as well as Tajikistan's Region of Republican Subordination. The catalog is a summary (point locations) of the documented landslides between 1954 and 2009, which are collected by the Central Asian Institute for Applied Geosciences through geological surveys (field campaigns) on single sites close to urban areas in order to mitigate landslide risk. The catalog is presented in identical .csv and NetCDF (.nc) formats. Both the formats include the point locations of the landslides (variables: latitude [WGS 84], longitude [WGS 84]), and the dates of about 5% of the landslides (variable: date). The remaining %95 of the data is undated and marked as NaT (dating not possible).
These documented landslides mostly happened on soft and semi-hard rock layers within the areas made of Mesozoic-Cenozoic formations: these formation are represented mainly by layers of clays, argillites, siltstones, sandstones, marls, limestone, gypsum and conglomerates, which are mostly covered by Quaternary loess deposits (Kalmetieva et al., 2009, p.75). The EMCA landslide catalog is far from being a complete datasets for the entire region, since majority of the area is inaccessible or hard to reach due to mountainous relief, which in turn decreases the chance of collecting information about ancient as well as modern landslides through field campaigns.