|Abstract from DBPedia||
The University of Bologna (Italian: Alma Mater Studiorum – Università di Bologna, UNIBO) is a public research university in Bologna, Italy. Founded in 1088 by an organised guild of students (studiorum), it is the oldest university in continuous operation in the world, and the first degree-awarding institution of higher learning. At its foundation, the word universitas was first coined. With over 90,000 students, it is the second largest university in Italy after La Sapienza in Rome. It was the first place of study to use the term universitas for the corporations of students and masters, which came to define the institution (especially its law school) located in Bologna.The university's emblem carries the motto, Alma Mater Studiorum ("Nourishing mother of studies"), the date A.D. 1088.It has campuses in Cesena, Forlì, Ravenna and Rimini and a branch center abroad in Buenos Aires, Argentina. It also has a school of excellence named Collegio Superiore di Bologna. An associate publisher of the University of Bologna is the Bononia University Press. The university saw the first woman to earn a university degree and teach at a university, Bettisia Gozzadini, and the first woman to earn both a doctorate in science and a salaried position as a university professor, Laura Bassi. It is commonly ranked amongst the best universities in Italy, and is especially renowned for its studies in law, medicine, and the natural sciences. University of Bologna had a central role in the sciences during the Italian renaissance, where it housed and educated Nicholas Copernicus as well as numerous other renaissance mathematicians.
ボローニャ大学（イタリア語：Alma mater studiorum - Università di Bologna、略号：UNIBO）は、イタリアのボローニャに所在する大学である。 ヨーロッパ最古の総合大学（cf. 世界最古の一覧#学問所）であり、サラマンカ大学、パリ大学、トゥールーズ大学、モンペリエ大学、オックスブリッジと共に12世紀から13世紀までに設立された大学で、ヨーロッパ最古の中世大学群にあたる。現在、規模においてはイタリア国内第2位の大学でもある。世界の（近代型）大学の原点とされ、「母なる大学」(Alma Mater Studiorum) とも雅称される。