Rain

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  • Rain
definition
  • A type of liquid precipitation in the form of liquid water drops with diameters greater than 0.5 millimeters (0.02 inches), or, if widely scattered, the drops may be smaller. 
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Abstract from DBPedia
    Rain is liquid water in the form of droplets that have condensed from atmospheric water vapor and then precipitated—that is, become heavy enough to fall under gravity. Rain is a major component of the water cycle and is responsible for depositing most of the fresh water on the Earth. It provides suitable conditions for many types of ecosystems, as well as water for hydroelectric power plants and crop irrigation. The major cause of rain production is moisture moving along three-dimensional zones of temperature and moisture contrasts known as weather fronts. If enough moisture and upward motion is present, precipitation falls from convective clouds (those with strong upward vertical motion) such as cumulonimbus (thunder clouds) which can organize into narrow rainbands. In mountainous areas, heavy precipitation is possible where upslope flow is maximized within windward sides of the terrain at elevation which forces moist air to condense and fall out as rainfall along the sides of mountains. On the leeward side of mountains, desert climates can exist due to the dry air caused by downslope flow which causes heating and drying of the air mass. The movement of the monsoon trough, or intertropical convergence zone, brings rainy seasons to savannah climes. The urban heat island effect leads to increased rainfall, both in amounts and intensity, downwind of cities. Global warming is also causing changes in the precipitation pattern globally, including wetter conditions across eastern North America and drier conditions in the tropics. Antarctica is the driest continent. The globally averaged annual precipitation over land is 715 mm (28.1 in), but over the whole Earth it is much higher at 990 mm (39 in). Climate classification systems such as the Köppen climate classification system use average annual rainfall to help differentiate between differing climate regimes. Rainfall is measured using rain gauges. Rainfall amounts can be estimated by weather radar. Rain is also known or suspected on other planets, where it may be composed of methane, neon, sulfuric acid, or even iron rather than water.

    雨(あめ)とは、大気から水の滴が落下する現象で、降水現象および天気の一種。また、落下する水滴そのもの(雨粒)のこと。大気に含まれる水蒸気が源であり、冷却されて凝結した微小な水滴が雲を形成、雲の中で水滴が成長し、やがて重力により落下してくるものである。ただし、成長の過程で一旦凍結し氷晶を経て再び融解するものもある。地球上の水循環を構成する最大の淡水供給源で、生態系に多岐にわたり関与するほか、農業や水力発電などを通して人類の生活にも関与している。

    (Source: http://dbpedia.org/resource/Rain)

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