Brackish water

  • brackish water
  • Water, salty between the concentrations of fresh water and sea water; usually 5-10 parts x thousand.
Abstract from DBPedia
    Brackish water, sometimes termed brack water, is water occurring in a natural environment that has more salinity than freshwater, but not as much as seawater. It may result from mixing seawater (salt water) and fresh water together, as in estuaries, or it may occur in brackish fossil aquifers. The word comes from the Middle Dutch root brak. Certain human activities can produce brackish water, in particular civil engineering projects such as dikes and the flooding of coastal marshland to produce brackish water pools for freshwater prawn farming. Brackish water is also the primary waste product of the salinity gradient power process. Because brackish water is hostile to the growth of most terrestrial plant species, without appropriate management it is damaging to the environment (see article on shrimp farms). Technically, brackish water contains between 0.5 and 30 grams of salt per litre—more often expressed as 0.5 to 30 parts per thousand (‰), which is a specific gravity of between 1.0004 and 1.0226. Thus, brackish covers a range of salinity regimes and is not considered a precisely defined condition. It is characteristic of many brackish surface waters that their salinity can vary considerably over space or time. Water with a salt concentration greater than 30‰ is considered saline. See the Salinity Table from the Wikipedia Salinity Article.

    汽水域(きすいいき)とは、河川・湖沼および沿海などの水域のうち、汽水(brackish water)が占める区域である。漢字の「汽」は「水気を帯びた」という意味を含み、「汽水」は淡水と海水が混在した状態の液体を指す用語である。 一般には川が海に淡水を注ぎ入れている河口部がこれにあたる。深く入り込んだ湾などでもそれに近い状態があり、干潟の陸よりの部分は汽水域に入る。