• aesthetics
  • Considerations, values, and judgements pertaining to the quality of the human perceptual experience (including sight, sound, smell, touch, taste, and movement) evoked by phenomena or components of the environment.
Abstract from DBPedia
    Aesthetics, or esthetics, is a branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of beauty and taste, as well as the philosophy of art (its own area of philosophy that comes out of aesthetics). It examines aesthetic values, often expressed through judgments of taste. Aesthetics covers both natural and artificial sources of experiences and how we form a judgment about those sources. It considers what happens in our minds when we engage with objects or environments such as viewing visual art, listening to music, reading poetry, experiencing a play, watching a fashion show, movie, sports or even exploring various aspects of nature. The philosophy of art specifically studies how artists imagine, create, and perform works of art, as well as how people use, enjoy, and criticize art. Aesthetics considers why people like some works of art and not others, as well as how art can affect moods or even our beliefs. Both aesthetics and the philosophy of art try to find answers for what exactly is art, artwork, or what makes a good art. Scholars in the field have defined aesthetics as "critical reflection on art, culture and nature". In modern English, the term "aesthetic" can also refer to a set of principles underlying the works of a particular art movement or theory (one speaks, for example, of a Renaissance aesthetic).

    美学(びがく、英: aesthetics、またæsthetics、esthetics、エスセティクス、エステティクス、希: Αισθητική)は、18世紀に成立した哲学の一領域である。美の本質や構造を、その現象としての自然・芸術及びそれらの周辺領域を対象として、経験的かつ形而上学的に探究する。美的対象、美的判断、美的態度、美的経験、美的価値などが問題とされてきた。 日本においては、森鷗外により「審美学」という訳語が与えられた が、現在では美学と呼称される。 単に美意識、美的感覚を表すこともある。近年ではビジネス理論でも外観や雰囲気をあらわす言葉として用いられる(日本では主に片仮名のままエスセティクスと言われる)。また、日本語の「美学」は、本来の意味から転じ、高潔で優れた信念を持つ様を表すこともある。例えば、囲碁棋士の大竹英雄の棋風は「大竹美学」と称される。