Coronal mass ejection

prefLabel
  • Coronal Mass Ejection
definition
  • A solar event (CME) that involves a burst of plasma ejected into the interplanetary medium. CME's may be observed remotely relatively near the sun or in situ in the interplanetary medium. The latter type of observations are often referred to as Interplanetary CME's (ICME's).
topConceptOf
inScheme
Abstract from DBPedia
    A coronal mass ejection (CME) is a significant release of plasma and accompanying magnetic field from the solar corona. They often follow solar flares and are normally present during a solar prominence eruption. The plasma is released into the solar wind, and can be observed in coronagraph imagery. Coronal mass ejections are often associated with other forms of solar activity, but a broadly accepted theoretical understanding of these relationships has not been established. CMEs most often originate from active regions on the Sun's surface, such as groupings of sunspots associated with frequent flares. Near solar maxima, the Sun produces about three CMEs every day, whereas near solar minima, there is about one CME every five days. The largest recorded geomagnetic perturbation, resulting presumably from a CME hitting the Earth's magnetosphere, was the solar storm of 1859 (the Carrington Event), which took down parts of the recently created US telegraph network, starting fires and shocking some telegraph operators.

    コロナ質量放出(コロナしつりょうほうしゅつ、Coronal mass ejection、CME)とは、太陽活動に伴い、太陽から惑星間空間内へ突発的にプラズマの塊が放出される現象。宇宙飛行士や飛行機パイロットの人体に与える影響も大きい。

    (Source: http://dbpedia.org/resource/Coronal_mass_ejection)