Jet Propulsion Laboratory

  • 4800 Oak Grove Drive, La Cañada Flintridge, CA 91011, USA
Abstract from DBPedia
    The Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) is a federally funded research and development center and NASA field center in the City of La Cañada Flintridge, California, United States. Founded in the 1930s by Caltech researchers, JPL is owned by NASA and managed by the nearby California Institute of Technology (Caltech). The laboratory's primary function is the construction and operation of planetary robotic spacecraft, though it also conducts Earth-orbit and astronomy missions. It is also responsible for operating the NASA Deep Space Network. Among the laboratory's major active projects are the Mars 2020 mission, which includes the Perseverance rover and the Ingenuity Mars helicopter; the Mars Science Laboratory mission, including the Curiosity rover; the InSight lander (Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport); the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter; the Juno spacecraft orbiting Jupiter; the SMAP satellite for earth surface soil moisture monitoring; the NuSTAR X-ray telescope; and the forthcoming Psyche asteroid orbiter. It is also responsible for managing the JPL Small-Body Database, and provides physical data and lists of publications for all known small Solar System bodies. JPL's Space Flight Operations Facility and Twenty-Five-Foot Space Simulator are designated National Historic Landmarks.

    ジェット推進研究所(ジェットすいしんけんきゅうじょ、英語: Jet Propulsion Laboratory: JPL)は、NASAの無人探査機等の研究開発及び運用に携わる研究所。アメリカ合衆国カリフォルニア州パサデナにある。JPLの前身となったカリフォルニア工科大学のグッゲンハイム航空研究所 (GALCIT) のロケット研究プロジェクトは1936年に立ち上げられ、1943年11月にGALCITの責任者であったセオドア・フォン・カルマンによって初めてJPLと名付けられた。