Marsh

prefLabel
  • marsh
definition
  • An periodically inundated area of low ground having shrubs and trees, with or without the formation of peat.
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broader
Abstract from DBPedia
    A marsh is a wetland that is dominated by herbaceous rather than woody plant species. Marshes can often be found at the edges of lakes and streams, where they form a transition between the aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. They are often dominated by grasses, rushes or reeds. If woody plants are present they tend to be low-growing shrubs, and then sometimes called carrs. This form of vegetation is what differentiates marshes from other types of wetland such as swamps, which are dominated by trees, and mires, which are wetlands that have accumulated deposits of acidic peat. Marshes provide habitats for many kinds of invertebrates, fish, amphibians, waterfowl and aquatic mammals. This biological productivity means that marshes contain 0.1% of global sequestered terrestrial carbon. Moreover, they have an outsized influence on climate resilience of coastal areas and waterways absorbing high tides and other water changes due to extreme weather. Though some marshes are expected to migrate upland, most natural marshlands will be threatened by sea level rise and associated erosion.

    沼地(ぬまち、英: swamp)とは、一般的に泥の深い湿地を指している。ただし、英語での「沼」を意味する、bog(ボグ)、moor(ムーア)、fen(フェン)、peat bog 等のような明確な区分けはない。

    (Source: http://dbpedia.org/resource/Marsh)

    A marsh is a wetland that is dominated by herbaceous rather than woody plant species. Marshes can often be found at the edges of lakes and streams, where they form a transition between the aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. They are often dominated by grasses, rushes or reeds. If woody plants are present they tend to be low-growing shrubs, and then sometimes called carrs. This form of vegetation is what differentiates marshes from other types of wetland such as swamps, which are dominated by trees, and mires, which are wetlands that have accumulated deposits of acidic peat. Marshes provide habitats for many kinds of invertebrates, fish, amphibians, waterfowl and aquatic mammals. This biological productivity means that marshes contain 0.1% of global sequestered terrestrial carbon. Moreover, they have an outsized influence on climate resilience of coastal areas and waterways absorbing high tides and other water changes due to extreme weather. Though some marshes are expected to migrate upland, most natural marshlands will be threatened by sea level rise and associated erosion.

    沼(ぬま、英語:marsh)とは、湿地の一種で、池や湖との区別は明確でないが、一般に水深 5 m 以内の水域であり、イネ科やシダ、ヨシ、ガマ、スゲなどの草に占められ、透明度が低く、規模があまり大きくないものを指す。湖沼学上では、水深が浅く水底中央部にも沈水植物(水草)の生育する水域と定義される。池とあわせて池沼(ちしょう)、湖とあわせて湖沼(こしょう)と呼ぶことがある。 湿っぽく泥の深い地の事を沼地と呼ぶ。沼地の植物は草より木の方が多い。 沼の水が塩水の場合、その沼は塩沼(えんしょう)と呼ばれる。河口部において満潮になると水に浸かり、干潮では土がむき出しになる場所はと呼ばれ、独自の植物が見られる。 沼には野生生物が生息し、しばしば多種多様な動物の繁殖地となる。

    (Source: http://dbpedia.org/resource/Marsh)