• spectroscopy
  • The branch of physics concerned with the production, measurement, and interpretation of electromagnetic spectra arising from either emission or absorption of radiant energy by various substances.
Abstract from DBPedia
    Spectroscopy is the field of study that measures and interprets the electromagnetic spectra that result from the interaction between electromagnetic radiation and matter as a function of the wavelength or frequency of the radiation. Matter waves and acoustic waves can also be considered forms of radiative energy, and recently gravitational waves have been associated with a spectral signature in the context of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) In simpler terms, spectroscopy is the precise study of color as generalized from visible light to all bands of the electromagnetic spectrum. Historically, spectroscopy originated as the study of the wavelength dependence of the absorption by gas phase matter of visible light dispersed by a prism. Spectroscopy, primarily in the electromagnetic spectrum, is a fundamental exploratory tool in the fields of astronomy, chemistry, materials science, and physics, allowing the composition, physical structure and electronic structure of matter to be investigated at the atomic, molecular and macro scale, and over astronomical distances. Important applications include biomedical spectroscopy in the areas of tissue analysis and medical imaging.

    分光法(ぶんこうほう、spectroscopy)とは、物理的観測量の強度を周波数、エネルギー、時間などの関数として示すスペクトル (spectrum) を得ることで、対象物の定性・定量あるいは物性を調べる科学的手法である。

    (Source: http://dbpedia.org/resource/Spectroscopy)