• society
  • Human group of people, more or less large and complex, associated for some common interest and characterized by distinctive hierarchical relationships.
Abstract from DBPedia
    A society is a group of individuals involved in persistent social interaction, or a large social group sharing the same spatial or social territory, typically subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations. Societies are characterized by patterns of relationships (social relations) between individuals who share a distinctive culture and institutions; a given society may be described as the sum total of such relationships among its constituent of members. In the social sciences, a larger society often exhibits stratification or dominance patterns in subgroups. Societies construct patterns of behavior by deeming certain actions or concepts as acceptable or unacceptable. These patterns of behavior within a given society are known as societal norms. Societies, and their norms, undergo gradual and perpetual changes. Insofar as it is collaborative, a society can enable its members to benefit in ways that would otherwise be difficult on an individual basis; both individual and social (common) benefits can thus be distinguished, or in many cases found to overlap. A society can also consist of like-minded people governed by their own norms and values within a dominant, larger society. This is sometimes referred to as a subculture, a term used extensively within criminology, and also applied to distinctive subsections of a larger society. More broadly, and especially within structuralist thought, a society may be illustrated as an economic, social, industrial or cultural infrastructure, made up of, yet distinct from, a varied collection of individuals. In this regard society can mean the objective relationships people have with the material world and with other people, rather than "other people" beyond the individual and their familiar social environment.

    社会(しゃかい、英: Society)は、ある共通項によってくくられ、他から区別される人々の集まり。また、仲間意識をもって、みずからを他と区別する人々の集まり。社会の範囲は非常に幅広く、単一の組織や結社などの部分社会から国民を包括する全体社会まで様々である。社会の複雑で多様な行為や構造を研究する社会科学では人口、政治、経済、軍事、文化、技術、思想などの観点から社会を観察する。