• noise
  • Sound which is unwanted, either because of its effects on humans, its effect on fatigue or malfunction of physical equipment, or its interference with the perception or detection of other sounds.
Abstract from DBPedia
    Noise is unwanted sound considered unpleasant, loud or disruptive to hearing. From a physics standpoint, there is no distinction between noise and desired sound, as both are vibrations through a medium, such as air or water. The difference arises when the brain receives and perceives a sound. Acoustic noise is any sound in the acoustic domain, either deliberate (e.g., music or speech) or unintended. In contrast, noise in electronics may not be audible to the human ear and may require instruments for detection. In audio engineering, noise can refer to the unwanted residual electronic noise signal that gives rise to acoustic noise heard as a hiss. This signal noise is commonly measured using A-weighting or ITU-R 468 weighting. In experimental sciences, noise can refer to any random fluctuations of data that hinders perception of a signal.

    ノイズ (英: noise) とは、処理対象となる情報以外の不要な情報のことである。歴史的理由から雑音(ざつおん)に代表されるため、しばしば工学分野の文章などでは(あるいは日常的な慣用表現としても)音以外に関しても「雑音」と訳したり表現したりして、音以外の信号等におけるノイズの意味で扱っていることがある。映像に関連する文脈では雑像とも呼ばれる。西洋音楽では噪音(そうおん)と訳し、「騒音」や「雑音」と区別している。