Natural resource

  • natural resource
  • A feature or component of the natural environment that is of value in serving human needs, e.g. soil, water, plantlife, wildlife, etc. Some natural resources have an economic value (e.g. timber) while others have a "noneconomic" value (e.g. scenic beauty).
Abstract from DBPedia
    Natural resources are resources that are drawn from nature and used with few modifications. This includes the sources of valued characteristics such as commercial and industrial use, aesthetic value, scientific interest and cultural value. On Earth, it includes sunlight, atmosphere, water, land, all minerals along with all vegetation, and wildlife. Natural resources is a part of humanity's natural heritage or protected in nature reserves. Particular areas (such as the rainforest in Fatu-Hiva) often feature biodiversity and geodiversity in their ecosystems. Natural resources may be classified in different ways. Natural resources are materials and components (something that can be used) that can be found within the environment. Every man-made product is composed of natural resources (at its fundamental level). A natural resource may exist as a separate entity such as fresh water, air, as well as any living organism such as a fish, or it may be transformed by extractivist industries into an economically useful form that must be processed to obtain the resource such as metal ores, rare-earth elements, petroleum, timber and most forms of energy. Some resources are renewable resource, which means that they can be used at a certain rate and natural processes will restore them, whereas many extractive industries rely heavily on non-renewable resources that can only be extracted once. Natural-resource allocations can be at the center of many economic and political confrontations both within and between countries. This is particularly true during periods of increasing scarcity and shortages (depletion and overconsumption of resources). Resource extraction is also a major source of human rights violations and environmental damage. The Sustainable Development Goals and other international development agendas frequently focus on creating more sustainable resource extraction, with some scholars and researchers focused on creating economic models, such as circular economy, that rely less on resource extraction, and more on reuse, recycling and renewable resources that can be sustainably managed.

    天然資源(てんねんしげん、natural resource )とは、人類のあらゆる行いの外に存在する資源である。人類の行いには、商業的及び工業的使用、美的価値、科学的関心、文化的価値といった、全ての価値ある特性が含まれている。地球の天然資源には、太陽光、大気、水、地(全ての鉱物を含む)、及び全ての植生と、動物の命が含まれる。ファトゥ・イヴァ島の雨林などの特定の地域は、その生態系に在る生物多様性と地質多様性によって特徴付けられることが多い。 天然資源は、異なるやり方でさらに分類されることもある。天然資源は、環境の中で見つけられる材料と構成要素(何かに使われるもの)である。人が作った全ての製品は、(その基礎の段階では)天然資源から成り立っている。天然資源は、淡水、空気、および魚などあらゆる生き物のように、独立して存在することもあれば、また、金属鉱石、希土類元素、及び大半のエネルギーのような、資源を得るために加工処理せねばならない形で存在する場合もある。 天然資源の配分を巡っては、世界中で多くの議論がある。これは不足と欠乏(資源の枯渇と過剰消費)が増している時分には、特にそうである。