Aquatic plant

  • aquatic plant
  • Plants adapted for a partially or completely submerged life.
Abstract from DBPedia
    Aquatic plants are plants that have adapted to living in aquatic environments (saltwater or freshwater). They are also referred to as hydrophytes or macrophytes to distinguish them from algae and other microphytes. A macrophyte is a plant that grows in or near water and is either emergent, submergent, or floating. In lakes and rivers macrophytes provide cover for fish, substrate for aquatic invertebrates, produce oxygen, and act as food for some fish and wildlife. Macrophytes are primary producers and are the basis of the food web for many organisms. They have a significant effect on soil chemistry and light levels as they slow down the flow of water and capture pollutants and trap sediments. Excess sediment will settle into the benthos aided by the reduction of flow rates caused by the presence of plant stems, leaves and roots. Some plants have the capability of absorbing pollutants into their tissue. Seaweeds are multicellular marine algae and, although their ecological impact is similar to other larger water plants, they are not typically referred to as macrophytes. Aquatic plants require special adaptations for living submerged in water, or at the water's surface. The most common adaptation is the presence of lightweight internal packing cells, aerenchyma, but floating leaves and finely dissected leaves are also common. Aquatic plants can only grow in water or in soil that is frequently saturated with water. They are therefore a common component of wetlands. One of the largest aquatic plants in the world is the Amazon water lily; one of the smallest is the minute duckweed. Many small aquatic animals use plants such as duckweed for a home, or for protection from predators. Some other familiar examples of aquatic plants include floating heart, water lily, lotus, and water hyacinth. Historically, aquatic plants have been less studied than terrestrial plants.

    水草(みずくさ、すいそう)とは、高等植物でありながら、二次的に水中生活をするようになった種の総称である。 維管束植物の被子植物、シダ植物の水生種が水草と呼ばれる場合が多いが、形態的な類似性から時にコケ植物や車軸藻類まで含んで水草と呼ばれる場合もある。 アクアリウムにおける水草水槽や、スイレンや蓮が庭園の池や泉水に植えられるなど、観賞用に広く親しまれてきた。