• analysis
  • Examination or determination.
Abstract from DBPedia
    Analysis (PL: analyses) is the process of breaking a complex topic or substance into smaller parts in order to gain a better understanding of it. The technique has been applied in the study of mathematics and logic since before Aristotle (384–322 B.C.), though analysis as a formal concept is a relatively recent development. The word comes from the Ancient Greek ἀνάλυσις (analysis, "a breaking-up" or "an untying;" from ana- "up, throughout" and lysis "a loosening"). From it also comes the word's plural, analyses. As a formal concept, the method has variously been ascribed to Alhazen, René Descartes (Discourse on the Method), and Galileo Galilei. It has also been ascribed to Isaac Newton, in the form of a practical method of physical discovery (which he did not name). The converse of analysis is synthesis: putting the pieces back together again in new or different whole.

    分析(ぶんせき、希: ἀνάλυσις、羅、英: Analysis、 独、仏: Analyse)は、 1. * ある物事を分解して、それらを成立させている成分・要素・側面を明らかにすること。 2. 1. * 物質の鑑識・検出、また化学的組成を定性的・定量的に鑑別すること。記事 分析化学に詳しい。 3. 2. * 概念の内容を構成する諸徴表を各個別に分けて明らかにすること。 4. 3. * 証明するべき命題から、それを成立させる条件へ次々に遡っていくやり方。 分析の対義語としては、総合が挙げられる。