• amine
  • One of a class of organic compounds which can be considered to be derived from ammonia by replacement of one or more hydrogens by organic radicals.
Abstract from DBPedia
    In chemistry, amines (/əˈmiːn, ˈæmiːn/, UK also /ˈeɪmiːn/) are compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair. Amines are formally derivatives of ammonia (NH3), wherein one or more hydrogen atoms have been replaced by a substituent such as an alkyl or aryl group (these may respectively be called alkylamines and arylamines; amines in which both types of substituent are attached to one nitrogen atom may be called alkylarylamines). Important amines include amino acids, biogenic amines, trimethylamine, and aniline;(See also: Category:Amines) Inorganic derivatives of ammonia are also called amines, such as monochloramine (NClH2). The substituent −NH2 is called an amino group. Compounds with a nitrogen atom attached to a carbonyl group, thus having the structure R−CO−NR′R″, are called amides and have different chemical properties from amines.

    アミン(amine)とは、アンモニアの水素原子を炭化水素基または芳香族原子団で置換した化合物の総称である。 置換した数が1つであれば第一級アミン、2つであれば第二級アミン、3つであれば第三級アミンという。また、アルキル基が第三級アミンに結合して第四級アンモニウムカチオンとなる。一方アンモニアもアミンに属する。 塩基、配位子として広く利用される。