• geomorphology
  • The study of the classification, description, nature, origin, and development of present landforms and their relationships to underlying structures, and of the history of geologic changes as recorded by these surface features.
Abstract from DBPedia
    Geomorphology (from Ancient Greek: γῆ, gê, "earth"; μορφή, morphḗ, "form"; and λόγος, lógos, "study") is the scientific study of the origin and evolution of topographic and bathymetric features created by physical, chemical or biological processes operating at or near Earth's surface. Geomorphologists seek to understand why landscapes look the way they do, to understand landform and terrain history and dynamics and to predict changes through a combination of field observations, physical experiments and numerical modeling. Geomorphologists work within disciplines such as physical geography, geology, geodesy, engineering geology, archaeology, climatology, and geotechnical engineering. This broad base of interests contributes to many research styles and interests within the field.

    地形学(ちけいがく、英語: geomorphology)は、地球の表面上を構成するあらゆる地形の記載・分類・成因などを研究する分野で、自然地理学の一分野でもあり、地球科学の一分野でもある。 19世紀末期に地質学、自然地理学の一分野としてはじめられ、20世紀後半には独立の学問領域として発展した。 地形学は、、変動地形学、、、などの分野をもつ。