• earwig
  • Any of various insects of the order Dermaptera, especially Forficula auricularia, which typically have an elongated body with small leathery forewings, semicircular membranous hindwings, and curved forceps at the tip of the abdomen.
Abstract from DBPedia
    Earwigs make up the insect order Dermaptera. With about 2,000 species in 12 families, they are one of the smaller insect orders. Earwigs have characteristic cerci, a pair of forcep-like pincers on their abdomen, and membranous wings folded underneath short, rarely used forewings, hence the scientific order name, "skin wings". Some groups are tiny parasites on mammals and lack the typical pincers. Earwigs are found on all continents except Antarctica. Earwigs are mostly nocturnal and often hide in small, moist crevices during the day, and are active at night, feeding on a wide variety of insects and plants. Damage to foliage, flowers, and various crops is commonly blamed on earwigs, especially the common earwig Forficula auricularia. Earwigs have five molts in the year before they become adults. Many earwig species display maternal care, which is uncommon among insects. Female earwigs may care for their eggs, and even after they have hatched as nymphs will continue to watch over offspring until their second molt. As the nymphs molt, sexual dimorphism such as differences in pincer shapes begins to show. Extant Dermaptera belong to the suborder Neodermaptera, which first appeared during the Cretaceous. Some earwig specimen fossils are placed extinct suborders Archidermaptera or Eodermaptera, the former dating to the Late Triassic and the latter to the Middle Jurassic. Dermaptera belongs to the major grouping Polyneoptera, and are amongst the earliest diverging members of the group, alongside angel insects (Zoraptera), and stoneflies (Plecoptera), the exact relationship between the three groups is uncertain.

    ハサミムシ(鋏虫、蠼螋)は、ハサミムシ目(革翅目、Dermaptera)の昆虫の総称、またはその一種(Anisolabis maritima)の和名。 英語では「 earwig 」、ドイツ語では 「 ohrwurm 」と呼ぶ。ともに「耳の虫」の意で、「眠っている人間の耳に潜り込み中に食い入る」という伝承による。 日本では、古い和式便所近くでよく見られたことから、別名「ちんぽきり」、「ちんぽばさみ」と呼ばれた。

    (Source: http://dbpedia.org/resource/Earwig)