Flash flood

  • flash flood
  • A flood of short duration with a relatively high peak discharge usually having less than 6 hours between the occurrence of the rainfall and the peak.
Abstract from DBPedia
    A flash flood is a rapid flooding of low-lying areas: washes, rivers, dry lakes and depressions. It may be caused by heavy rain associated with a severe thunderstorm, hurricane, or tropical storm, or by meltwater from ice or snow flowing over ice sheets or snowfields. Flash floods may also occur after the collapse of a natural ice or debris dam, or a human structure such as a man-made dam, as occurred before the Johnstown Flood of 1889. Flash floods are distinguished from regular floods by having a timescale of fewer than six hours between rainfall and the onset of flooding. Flash floods are a significant hazard, causing more fatalities in the U.S. in an average year than lightning, tornadoes, or hurricanes. Flash floods can also deposit large quantities of sediments on floodplains and can be destructive of vegetation cover not adapted to frequent flood conditions.

    鉄砲水(てっぽうみず、英語: flash flood)とは、山地や中山間地の小流域などで発生する急激な出水や増水。丘陵地流域で発生することもある。ただし、日本語の鉄砲水は学術用語ではなく特定の地域で限定的に使用されていたものが1960年頃までに一般用語化したものと考えられている。

    (Source: http://dbpedia.org/resource/Flash_flood)