Civil engineering

  • civil engineering
  • The planning, design, construction, and maintenance of fixed structures and ground facilities for industry, transportation, use and control of water or occupancy.
Abstract from DBPedia
    Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including public works such as roads, bridges, canals, dams, airports, sewage systems, pipelines, structural components of buildings, and railways. Civil engineering is traditionally broken into a number of sub-disciplines. It is considered the second-oldest engineering discipline after military engineering, and it is defined to distinguish non-military engineering from military engineering. Civil engineering can take place in the public sector from municipal public works departments through to federal government agencies, and in the private sector from locally based firms to global Fortune 500 companies.

    土木工学(どぼくこうがく、英語: civil engineering)とは、自然災害等の社会課題の解決および環境の創造・維持発展を目的として、社会基盤を整備する工学である。主な対象として、鉄道、道路、橋梁、トンネル、港湾、空港、海岸、河川、ダム、廃棄物処理、水道(上水道、工業用水道、下水道)、砂防、土木景観などがある。また、土木工学部分の発電施設、通信施設、環境保全、造成、交通、国土計画なども含まれ、対象は多岐にわたる。これらを取り巻く人工物は総称して「土木構造物」と呼ばれる。一般的に土木構造物は、公共事業として建設され、長期間に渡って社会・経済活動を支えている。