• chloride
  • A compound which is derived from hydrochloric acid and contains the chlorine atom in the -1 oxidation state.
Abstract from DBPedia
    The chloride ion /ˈklɔːraɪd/ is the anion (negatively charged ion) Cl−. It is formed when the element chlorine (a halogen) gains an electron or when a compound such as hydrogen chloride is dissolved in water or other polar solvents. Chloride salts such as sodium chloride are often very soluble in water. It is an essential electrolyte located in all body fluids responsible for maintaining acid/base balance, transmitting nerve impulses and regulating liquid flow in and out of cells. Less frequently, the word chloride may also form part of the "common" name of chemical compounds in which one or more chlorine atoms are covalently bonded. For example, methyl chloride, with the standard name chloromethane (see IUPAC books) is an organic compound with a covalent C−Cl bond in which the chlorine is not an anion.

    塩化物(えんかぶつ、英: chloride)とは、塩素がそれより陽性な元素または原子団と形成する化合物である。塩素(Cl2)は第18族元素以外のほとんどの元素と反応し塩化物を形成する。 塩素の結合がイオン結合性の場合、容易に塩素の陰イオン(Cl−)を遊離するのでこのイオンは塩化物イオン(えんかぶつイオン、英: chloride ion)または塩素イオン(えんそイオン、現在この呼び方は推奨されていない)と称する。また命名法において後置せずに前置する場合は塩化(えんか、英: chloride)と称する。いずれも陰性の塩素原子を意味する名称である。