Built environment

  • built environment
  • That part of the physical surroundings which are people-made or people-organized, such as buildings and other major structures, roads, bridges and the like, down to lesser objects such as traffic lights, telephone and pillar boxes.
  • http://eurovoc.europa.eu/4619
Abstract from DBPedia
    In urban planning, architecture, human geography, landscape architecture, and civil engineering, the term built environment, or built world, refers to the human-made environment that provides the setting for human activity, including homes, buildings, zoning, streets, sidewalks, open spaces, transportation options, and more. It is defined as "the human-made space in which people live, work, and recreate on a day-to-day basis." The built environment is most relevant in the fields of architecture, landscape architecture, urban planning, public health, sociology, and anthropology, among others. The built environment is made up of physical features. However, when studied, the built environment often highlights the connection between physical space and social consequences. It impacts how society physically maneuvers and functions, as well as less tangible aspects of society such as socioeconomic inequity. The topic of the built environment also includes the ways in which communities have approached environmental issues that have arisen as a result of the altering of the natural environment for human activities. Various aspects of the built environment contribute to scholarship on housing and segregation, physical activity, food access, climate change, and environmental racism.

    建造環境(けんぞうかんきょう、built environment)とは、空間の実質的包摂の結果として生産された空間編成のうち、可視的なとして地表に刻み付けられたものは、その全体が空間システムを構成するそのような総体を指す。

    (Source: http://dbpedia.org/resource/Built_environment)