Social science

  • social science
  • The study of society and of the relationship of individual members within society, including economics, history, political science, psychology, anthropology, and sociology.
Abstract from DBPedia
    Social science is one of the branches of science, devoted to the study of societies and the relationships among individuals within those societies. The term was formerly used to refer to the field of sociology, the original "science of society", established in the 19th century. In addition to sociology, it now encompasses a wide array of academic disciplines, including anthropology, archaeology, economics, human geography, linguistics, management science, communication science and political science Positivist social scientists use methods resembling those of the natural sciences as tools for understanding society, and so define science in its stricter modern sense. Interpretivist social scientists, by contrast, may use social critique or symbolic interpretation rather than constructing empirically falsifiable theories, and thus treat science in its broader sense. In modern academic practice, researchers are often eclectic, using multiple methodologies (for instance, by combining both quantitative and qualitative research). The term social research has also acquired a degree of autonomy as practitioners from various disciplines share the same goals and methods.

    社会科学(しゃかいかがく、英: social science)とは、自然と対比された社会についての科学的な認識活動およびその活動によって生み出された知識の体系である。人間の社会の様々な面を科学的に探求する学術分野の総体である。社会科学における「社会」という概念は、自然と対比されているものであるが、この「自然 / 社会」という対比は、遡れば古代ギリシャの「フュシス / ノモス」という対比的概念にまでさかのぼることができる。