• UN/ESA/Population
  • The Population Division is responsible for monitoring and appraisal of the broad range of areas in the field of population. To carry out this responsibility it: - provides support and servicing of such intergovernmental bodies as the Commission on Population and Development, as well as related work of the General Assembly and the Economic and Social Council, through the preparation of high-quality documentation, analytical work and facilitation of consensus-building and policy development. It supports the implementation of the recommendations in the Programme of Action adopted by the International Conference on Population and Development, including monitoring progress towards the achievement of the goals set out in the Programme of Action, as well as identifying, analyzing and investigating policy issues and salient global trends in the field of population and development. - supports the monitoring of the implementation of the Millennium Development Goals by producing three indicators under the target of universal access to reproductive health, namely the contraceptive prevalence rate, the adolescent birth rate and the unmet need for family planning (the latter in collaboration with UNFPA). - facilitates access by Governments to information on population trends and their interrelationships with social and economic development as an input to government policy and programme formulation. The official United Nations demographic estimates and projections are prepared for all countries and areas of the world, as well as urban and rural areas and major cities, and serve as the standard and consistent set of population figures for use throughout the United Nations system. International migration, infant, child and maternal mortality and increased adult mortality in some regions, as well as the demographic impact of AIDS, are critical emerging issues that are also addressed. Other priority areas for analysis are fertility levels, trends and their determinants, including contraceptive use as well as national population policies and the relationships among population dynamics and development issues. - contributes to the capacity building of Member States to formulate national population and related policies and programmes for the effective implementation of the recommendations of the Programme of Action; and improves the institutional capabilities of Governments for the collection, analysis and distribution of national population information. - enhances coordination and cooperation among the organizations of the United Nations system through its participation in the Committee for the Coordination of Statistical Activities. - distributes electronic population information in response to requests and to support coordination among the United Nations entities in the field of population.
  • Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations