|Abstract from DBPedia||
Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land and ocean surface to the atmosphere. Evaporation accounts for the movement of water to the air from sources such as the soil, canopy interception, and waterbodies. Transpiration accounts for the movement of water within a plant and the subsequent loss of water as vapor through stomata in its leaves. Evapotranspiration is an important part of the water cycle. An element (such as a tree) that contributes to evapotranspiration can be called an evapotranspirator. Reference evapotranspiration (ET0), sometimes incorrectly referred to as potential ET, is a representation of the environmental demand for evapotranspiration and represents the evapotranspiration rate of a short green crop (grass), completely shading the ground, of uniform height and with adequate water status in the soil profile. It is a reflection of the energy available to evaporate water, and of the wind available to transport the water vapour from the ground up into the lower atmosphere. Actual evapotranspiration is said to equal reference evapotranspiration when there is ample water. Some US states utilize a full cover alfalfa reference crop that is 0.5 m in height, rather than the short green grass reference, due to the higher value of ET from the alfalfa reference.
蒸発散（じょうはっさん, evapotranspiration）とは、蒸発(evaporation)と蒸散(transpiration)を合わせたもの。地球上の水循環の中の1つ。 植物表面からの蒸散は植物学・生物学的な意味合いが大きい一方、蒸発は水文学的な意味が大きい。ただ、蒸発だけでは水文学上の水収支を正確に表すことができないため、両者を足した蒸発散が、地表面から大気へ放出される水として定義されている。計算上、蒸発量と蒸散量を区別して算出するよりもまとめて算出した方が良い場合もあるため、蒸発散量を用いることも多い。