Carbon monoxide

  • Carbon Monoxide
  • A colorless, odorless, and very toxic gas; molecular formula CO. It is found in trace quantities in the natural atmosphere, but also produced by the incomplete combustion of carbonaceous gasses. 
Abstract from DBPedia
    Carbon monoxide (chemical formula CO) is a colorless, odorless, tasteless, flammable gas that is slightly less dense than air. Carbon monoxide consists of one carbon atom and one oxygen atom. It is the simplest molecule of the oxocarbon family. In coordination complexes the carbon monoxide ligand is called carbonyl. It is a key ingredient in many processes in industrial chemistry. Thermal combustion is the most common source of carbon monoxide, however there are numerous environmental and biological sources that generate and emit a significant amount of carbon monoxide. Carbon monoxide is important in the production of many compounds ranging from drugs, fragrances, and fuels. It is produced by many organisms, including humans. Upon emission into the atmosphere, carbon monoxide affects several processes that contribute to climate change. Carbon monoxide has important biological roles across phylogenetic kingdoms. In mammalian physiology, carbon monoxide is a classical example of hormesis where low concentrations serve as an endogenous neurotransmitter (gasotransmitter) and high concentrations are toxic resulting in carbon monoxide poisoning. It is isoelectronic with cyanide anion CN−.

    一酸化炭素(いっさんかたんそ、carbon monoxide)は、炭素の酸化物の一種であり、常温・常圧で無色・無臭・可燃性の気体である。一酸化炭素中毒の原因となる。化学式は CO と表される。Carbon oxide、Carbonic oxideと表記されることもある。


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