• Cosmology
  • Physical cosmology
Abstract from DBPedia
    Cosmology (from the Greek κόσμος, kosmos "world" and -λογία, -logia "study of"), is the study of the origin, evolution, and eventual fate of the universe. Physical cosmology is the scholarly and scientific study of the origin, evolution, large-scale structures and dynamics, and ultimate fate of the universe, as well as the scientific laws that govern these realities. The term cosmology was first used in English in 1656 in Thomas Blount's Glossographia, and in 1731 taken up in Latin by German philosopher Christian Wolff, in Cosmologia Generalis. Religious or mythological cosmology is a body of beliefs based on mythological, religious, and esoteric literature and traditions of creation and eschatology. Physical cosmology is studied by scientists, such as astronomers and physicists, as well as philosophers, such as metaphysicians, philosophers of physics, and philosophers of space and time. Because of this shared scope with philosophy, theories in physical cosmology may include both scientific and non-scientific propositions, and may depend upon assumptions that can not be tested. Cosmology differs from astronomy in that the former is concerned with the Universe as a whole while the latter deals with individual celestial objects. Modern physical cosmology is dominated by the Big Bang theory, which attempts to bring together observational astronomy and particle physics; more specifically, a standard parameterization of the Big Bang with dark matter and dark energy, known as the Lambda-CDM model. Theoretical astrophysicist David N. Spergel has described cosmology as a "historical science" because "when we look out in space, we look back in time" due to the finite nature of the speed of light.

    宇宙論(うちゅうろん、英語:cosmology)あるいはコスモロジーとは、「宇宙」や「世界」などと呼ばれる人間をとりかこむ何らかの広がり全体、広義には、それの中における人間の位置、に関する言及、論、研究などのことである。 コスモロジーには神話、宗教、哲学、神学、科学(天文学、宇宙物理学)などが関係している。 「cosmologyコスモロジー」という言葉が初めて使われたのはクリスティアン・ヴォルフの 『Cosmologia Generalis』(1730)においてであるとされている。 本項では幅広く、神話、宗教、哲学、神学などで扱われたコスモロジーも含めて扱う。