Coronal mass ejections

  • Coronal mass ejections
  • CME
Abstract from DBPedia
    A coronal mass ejection (CME) is a significant release of plasma and accompanying magnetic field from the Sun's corona into the solar wind. CMEs are often associated with solar flares and other forms of solar activity, but a broadly accepted theoretical understanding of these relationships has not been established. If a CME enters interplanetary space, it is referred to as an interplanetary coronal mass ejection (ICME). ICMEs are capable of reaching and colliding with Earth's magnetosphere, where they can cause geomagnetic storms, aurorae, and in rare cases damage to electrical power grids. The largest recorded geomagnetic perturbation, resulting presumably from a CME, was the solar storm of 1859. Also known as the Carrington Event, it disabled parts of the at the time newly created United States telegraph network, starting fires and shocking some telegraph operators. Near solar maxima, the Sun produces about three CMEs every day, whereas near solar minima, there is about one CME every five days.

    コロナ質量放出(コロナしつりょうほうしゅつ、Coronal mass ejection、CME)とは、太陽活動に伴い、太陽から惑星間空間内へ突発的にプラズマの塊が放出される現象。宇宙飛行士や飛行機パイロットの人体に与える影響も大きい。