## Electric field

 prefLabel Electric Field definition A region of space around a charged particle, or between two voltages within which a force is exerted on charged objects in its vicinity. An electric field is the electric force per unit charge. topConceptOf inScheme Abstract from DBPedia An electric field (sometimes E-field) is the physical field that surrounds electrically charged particles and exerts force on all other charged particles in the field, either attracting or repelling them. It also refers to the physical field for a system of charged particles. Electric fields originate from electric charges and time-varying electric currents. Electric fields and magnetic fields are both manifestations of the electromagnetic field, one of the four fundamental interactions (also called forces) of nature. Electric fields are important in many areas of physics, and are exploited in electrical technology. In atomic physics and chemistry, for instance, the electric field is the attractive force holding the atomic nucleus and electrons together in atoms. It is also the force responsible for chemical bonding between atoms that result in molecules. The electric field is defined as a vector field that associates to each point in space the (electrostatic or Coulomb) force per unit of charge exerted on an infinitesimal positive test charge at rest at that point. The derived SI unit for the electric field is the volt per meter (V/m), which is equal to the newton per coulomb (N/C).電場（でんば）または電界（でんかい）（英語: electric field）は、電荷に力を及ぼす空間の性質の一つ。E の文字を使って表されることが多い。おもに理学系では「電場」、工学系では「電界」ということが多い。また、電束密度と明確に区別するために「電場の強さ」ともいう。時間によって変化しない電場を静電場（せいでんば）または静電界（せいでんかい）とよぶ。また、アンテナの実効長または実効高を掛けると、アンテナの誘起電圧になる。