W. G. Large, and S. G. Yeager, 2009: The global climatology of an
interannually varying air-sea flux data set. Climate Dynamics, 33,
341-364 (DOI: 10.1007/s00382-008-0441-3), URL:
Hurrell, J. W., J. J. Hack, D. Shea, J. M. Caron, and J. Rosinski,
2008: A new sea surface temperature and sea ice boundary data set
for the Community Atmosphere Model. J. Climate, 21, 5145-5153 (DOI:
W.G. Large, 2006: Surface Fluxes for Practitioners of Global Ocean
Data Assimilation. .
Large, W. G., and S. G. Yeager, 2004: Diurnal to decadal global
forcing for ocean and sea-ice models: the data sets and flux
climatologies. TN-460+STR, NCAR, 111 pp. (DOI: 10.5065/D6KK98Q6),
This dataset contains the complete set of global air-sea heat and
water flux components computed from version 2 of CORE (Common Ocean
Reference Experiment) atmospheric state fields starting from 1949.
The air-sea fluxes are derived from bulk formulae applied to
atmospheric state fields from multiple sources together with a
merged Hadley-OI SST product at monthly resolution. The primary
atmospheric input data are based on NCEP reanalyses at 6-hourly
resolution. In addition, satellite-based radiation, precipitation,
and sea ice concentration are used, at resolutions from daily to
monthly. Some of the input data have been adjusted to agree in the
mean with a variety of more reliable satellite and in situ
measurements that themselves are either too short in duration or too
regional in coverage. Fluxes have been temporally averaged as needed
for distribution as monthly means.
For further information, please refer to the publications listed below.