Data Publications

ISIMIP2b Simulation Data from Biomes Sector

  • Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZ
  • 2019
  • ISIMIP2b Simulation Data from Biomes Sector
  • 10.5880/PIK.2019.012
  • The Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project (ISIMIP) provides a framework for the collation of a set of consistent, multi-sector, multi-scale climate-impact simulations, based on scientifically and politically relevant historical and future scenarios. This framework serves as a basis for robust projections of climate impacts, as well as facilitating model evaluation and improvement, allowing for advanced estimates of the biophysical and socio-economic impacts of climate change at different levels of global warming. It also provides a unique opportunity to consider interactions between climate impacts across sectors. ISIMIP2b is the second simulation round of the second phase of ISIMIP. ISIMIP2b considers impacts on different sectors at the global and regional scales: water, fisheries and marine ecosystems, energy supply and demand, forests, biomes, agriculture, agro-economic modeling, terrestrial biodiversity, permafrost, coastal infrastructure, health and lakes. ISIMIP2b simulations focus on separating the impacts and quantifying the pure climate change effects of historical warming (1861-2005) compared to pre-industrial reference levels (1661-1860); and on quantifying the future (2006-2099) and extended future (2006-2299) impact projections accounting for low (RCP2.6), mid-high (RCP6.0) and high (RCP8.5) greenhouse gas emissions, assuming either constant (year 2005) or dynamic population, land and water use and -management, economic development, bioenergy demand, and other societal factors. The scientific rationale for the scenario design is documented in Frieler et al. (2017). The ISIMIP2b bias-corrected observational climate input data (Lange, 2018; Frieler et al., 2017) consists of an updated version of the observational dataset EWEMBI at daily temporal and 0.5° spatial resolution, which better represents the CMIP5 GCM ensemble in terms of both spatial model resolution and equilibrium climate sensitivity. The bias correction methods (Lange, 2018; Frieler et al., 2017; Lange, 2016) were applied to CMIP5 output of GDFL-ESM2M, HadGEM2-ES, IPSL-CM5A-LP and MIROC5. Access to the input data for the impact models, and further information on bias correction methods, is provided through a central ISIMIP archive (see This entry refers to the ISIMIP2b simulation data from eight global vegetation (biomes) models: CARAIB CLM4.5, DLEM, LPJmL, ORCHIDEE, VEGAS, VISIT, LPJ-GUESS ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- The Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project (ISIMIP) simulation data is under continuous review and improvement, and updates are thus likely to happen. All changes and caveats are documented under (ISIMIP Changelog) and (ISIMIP DOI publications). ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
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