Water treatment

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  • water treatment
definition
  • Purification of water to make it suitable for drinking or for any other use.
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Abstract from DBPedia
    Water treatment is any process that improves the quality of water to make it appropriate for a specific end-use. The end use may be drinking, industrial water supply, irrigation, river flow maintenance, water recreation or many other uses, including being safely returned to the environment. Water treatment removes contaminants and undesirable components, or reduces their concentration so that the water becomes fit for its desired end-use. This treatment is crucial to human health and allows humans to benefit from both drinking and irrigation use. Water is the most crucial compound for life on Earth, and having drinkable water is a key worldwide concern for the twenty-first century. All living things require clean, uncontaminated water as a basic requirement. Water covers more than 71 percent of the earth’s surface, but only around 1% of it is drinkable according to international standards due to various contaminations . Waste water discharge from industries, agricultural pollution, municipal wastewater, environmental and global changes are the main sources of water contamination. Even trace levels of heavy metals, dyes, and microbes are hazardous to human health, aquatic systems, and the environment. According to a Food and Agriculture Organization assessment from 2007, absolute water scarcity will affect 1.8 billion people living in countries, and water stress might affect two-thirds of the global population. To address water scarcity issues, it is required to recover water from current wastewater or develop alternate water sources for human consumption. Domestic and industrial wastewater are the two types of wastewater. Domestic wastewater contains sewage, bacteria, viruses, hazardous and non-toxic organisms, sanitary outputs, rubbish, detergents, and other solid and liquid discharges from non-manufacturing processes.

    水処理(みずしょり、英語:water treatment)とは、水を使用目的にあわせた水質にするための、または、周辺環境に影響を与えないよう排出するための各種の処理。 特定の最終用途に対して水の許容度を高めるために水質を改善するプロセス。最終用途は飲用、工業用水供給 灌漑、河川流の維持、水の娯楽または安全に環境に戻されることを含む他の多くの用途で汚染物質および望ましくない成分を除去する、または濃度を下げて水がその所望の最終用途に適するようにすること。

    (Source: http://dbpedia.org/resource/Water_treatment)