Solar energy

  • solar energy
  • The energy transmitted from the sun in the form of electromagnetic radiation. The most successful examples of energy extraction from the sun are so far solar cells used in satellites and solar collectors used to heat water.
Abstract from DBPedia
    Solar energy is radiant light and heat from the Sun that is harnessed using a range of technologies such as solar power to generate electricity, solar thermal energy (including solar water heating), and solar architecture. It is an essential source of renewable energy, and its technologies are broadly characterized as either passive solar or active solar depending on how they capture and distribute solar energy or convert it into solar power. Active solar techniques include the use of photovoltaic systems, concentrated solar power, and solar water heating to harness the energy. Passive solar techniques include orienting a building to the Sun, selecting materials with favorable thermal mass or light-dispersing properties, and designing spaces that naturally circulate air. The large magnitude of solar energy available makes it a highly appealing source of electricity. In 2020 solar energy has been the cheapest source of Electricity. In Saudi Arabia a power purchase agreement (ppa) have been signed in April 2021 for a new solar power plant in Al-Faisaliah. The project has recorded the world’s lowest cost for Solar PV electricity production of USD 1.04 cents/ kWh. In 2011, the International Energy Agency said that "the development of affordable, inexhaustible and clean solar energy technologies will have huge longer-term benefits. It will increase countries' energy security through reliance on an indigenous, inexhaustible, and mostly import-independent resource, enhance sustainability, reduce pollution, lower the costs of mitigating global warming .... These advantages are global.".

    太陽エネルギー(たいようえねるぎー、英: Solar energy)は、太陽から太陽光として地球に到達するエネルギーを指す。ソーラーエネルギー、ソーラーパワーなどとも呼ばれる。地球上の大気や水の流れや温度に影響し、多くの再生可能エネルギーや生物の生命活動の源となっている。また、古くから照明や暖房、農業などで利用されてきた。 狭義には、太陽光から熱や電力を得るエネルギー源を指し、再生可能エネルギーに分類される。太陽光が当たる場所ならばどこでもエネルギーが得られ、得られるエネルギー当たりの温室効果ガスの排出量が少ない。昔から熱として利用されて来たが、近年は地球温暖化の対策の一環として、熱利用と共に発電用途での利用が増えている。