Oceania

prefLabel
  • Oceania
definition
  • The islands of the southern, western and central Pacific Ocean, including Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia. The term is sometimes extended to encompass Australia, New Zealand, and the Malay Archipelago.
inScheme
broader
Abstract from DBPedia
    Oceania (UK: /ˌoʊsiˈɑːniə, ˌoʊʃi-, -ˈeɪn-/, US: /ˌoʊʃiˈæniə/, /-ˈɑːn-/) is a geographic region that includes Australasia, Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia. Spanning the Eastern and Western Hemispheres, Oceania has a land area of 8,525,989 square kilometres (3,291,903 sq mi) and a population of over 41 million. When compared with the continents, the region of Oceania is the smallest in land area and the second smallest in population after Antarctica. Oceania has a diverse mix of economies from the highly developed and globally competitive financial markets of Australia, New Caledonia, New Zealand, French Polynesia and Hawaii, which rank high in quality of life and human development index, to the much less developed economies such as Papua New Guinea, Indonesian New Guinea, Kiribati, Vanuatu and Tuvalu, while also including medium-sized economies of Pacific islands such as Palau, Fiji and Tonga. The largest and most populous country in Oceania is Australia, and the largest city is Sydney. The first settlers of Australia, New Guinea, and the large islands just to the east arrived more than 60,000 years ago. Oceania was first explored by Europeans from the 16th century onward. Portuguese explorers between 1512 and 1526, reached the Tanimbar Islands, some of the Caroline Islands and west Papua New Guinea. On his first voyage in the 18th century, James Cook, who later arrived at the highly developed Hawaiian Islands, went to Tahiti and followed the east coast of Australia for the first time. The Pacific front saw major action during the Second World War, mainly between Allied powers the United States, Philippines (a US Commonwealth at the time and where most of the battles in the pacific took place) and Australia, and Axis power Japan. The arrival of European settlers in subsequent centuries resulted in a significant alteration in the social and political landscape of Oceania. In more contemporary times there has been increasing discussion on national flags and a desire by some Oceanians to display their distinguishable andindividualistic identity. The rock art of Aboriginal Australians is the longest continuously practised artistic tradition in the world. Puncak Jaya in Papua is the highest peak in Oceania at 4,884 metres. Most Oceanian countries are multi-party representative parliamentary democracies, with tourism being a large source of income for the Pacific Islands nations.

    オセアニア(英語: Oceania)は、六大州の一つ。大洋州(たいようしゅう)。 一般的な解釈では、オーストラリア連邦、キリバス共和国、クック諸島、サモア独立国、ソロモン諸島、ツバル、トンガ王国、ナウル共和国、ニウエ、ニュージーランド、バヌアツ共和国、パプアニューギニア独立国、パラオ共和国、フィジー共和国、マーシャル諸島共和国、ミクロネシア連邦の16か国を指す。 また、最も広く解釈すると太平洋上の陸地のすべてを指して使われ、この場合日本、台湾、フィリピン、インドネシアおよび、ハワイ州、ガラパゴス諸島、イースター島、アリューシャン列島まで含まれるが、一般的ではない。

    (Source: http://dbpedia.org/resource/Oceania)