Natural monument

prefLabel
  • natural monument
definition
  • A natural/cultural feature which is of outstanding or unique value because of its inherent rarity, representative of aesthetic qualities or cultural significance. Guidance for selection of a natural monument is: a) The area should contain one or more features of outstanding significance (appropriate natural features include spectacular waterfalls, caves, craters, fossil beds, sand dunes and marine features, along with unique or representative fauna and flora; associated cultural features might include cave dwellings, cliff-top forts, archaeological sites, or natural sites which have heritage significance to indigenous peoples).; b) The area should be large enough to protect the integrity of the feature and its immediately related surroundings.
inScheme
broader
Abstract from DBPedia
    A natural monument is a natural or natural/cultural feature of outstanding or unique value because of its inherent rarity, representative of aesthetic qualities or cultural significance. Under World Commission on Protected Areas guidelines, natural monuments are level III, described as: "Areas are set aside to protect a specific natural monument, which can be a landform, sea mount, submarine cavern, geological feature such as a cave or even a living feature such as an ancient grove. They are generally quite small protected areas and often have high visitor value." This is a lower level of protection than level II (national parks) and level I (wilderness areas). The European Environment Agency's guidelines for selection of a natural monument are: * The area should contain one or more features of outstanding significance. Appropriate natural features include waterfalls, caves, craters, fossil beds, sand dunes and marine features, along with unique or representative fauna and flora; associated cultural features might include cave dwellings, cliff-top forts, archaeological sites, or natural sites which have heritage significance to indigenous peoples. * The area should be large enough to protect the integrity of the feature and its immediately related surroundings.

    天然記念物(てんねんきねんぶつ、英:Natural monument、独:Naturdenkmal、中:自然纪念物)とは、動物、植物、地質・鉱物などの自然物に関する記念物である。天然記念物に対して、人間の文化活動に関する記念物を(人文記念物、独:Kulturdenkmal)と言う。 日本においては文化財保護法や各地方自治体の文化財保護条例に基づき指定される。韓国・北朝鮮では、日本の施政下で施行された「史蹟名勝天然紀念物保存法」を基にした天然記念物の制度が定められている。ほか、天然記念物の保護思想が発展してきたドイツやアメリカ、スイス等の西欧諸国にも、生物種の指定制度はないが天然記念物の保護制度がある。

    (Source: http://dbpedia.org/resource/Natural_monument)