Industrial waste

  • industrial waste
  • Waste materials discarded from industrial operations, or derived from manufacturing processes; may be solid, sludge (wet solids) or liquid wastes and may or may not be considered hazardous.
Abstract from DBPedia
    Industrial waste is the waste produced by industrial activity which includes any material that is rendered useless during a manufacturing process such as that of factories, mills, and mining operations. Types of industrial waste include dirt and gravel, masonry and concrete, scrap metal, oil, solvents, chemicals, scrap lumber, even vegetable matter from restaurants. Industrial waste may be solid, semi-solid or liquid in form. It may be hazardous waste (some types of which are toxic) or non-hazardous waste. Industrial waste may pollute the nearby soil or adjacent water bodies, and can contaminate groundwater, lakes, streams, rivers or coastal waters. Industrial waste is often mixed into municipal waste, making accurate assessments difficult. An estimate for the US goes as high as 7.6 billion tons of industrial waste produced annually, as of 2017. Most countries have enacted legislation to deal with the problem of industrial waste, but strictness and compliance regimes vary. Enforcement is always an issue.

    産業廃棄物(さんぎょうはいきぶつ)とは、廃棄物の処理及び清掃に関する法律では、次に掲げる廃棄物をいう(同法第2条第4項)。「産廃」(さんぱい)と略される。 1. * 事業活動に伴って生じた廃棄物のうち、燃え殻、汚泥、廃油、廃酸、廃アルカリ、その他政令で定める廃棄物 2. * 輸入された廃棄物(船舶及び航空機の航行に伴い生ずる廃棄物(政令で定めるものに限る。廃棄物処理法第15条の4の5第1項において「航行廃棄物」という。)並びに本邦に入国する者が携帯する廃棄物(政令で定めるものに限る。同項において「携帯廃棄物」という。)を除く。) * 廃棄物の処理及び清掃に関する法律は、以下で条数のみ記載する。