Alicyclic compound

  • alicyclic compound
  • Any substance composed of two or more unlike atoms held together by chemical bonds characterized by straight-chained, branched or cyclic properties.
Abstract from DBPedia
    In organic chemistry, an alicyclic compound contains one or more all-carbon rings which may be either saturated or unsaturated, but do not have aromatic character. Alicyclic compounds may have one or more aliphatic side chains attached. The simplest alicyclic compounds are the monocyclic cycloalkanes: cyclopropane, cyclobutane, cyclopentane, cyclohexane, cycloheptane, cyclooctane, and so on. Bicyclic alkanes include bicycloundecane, decalin, and housane. Polycyclic alkanes include cubane, basketane, and tetrahedrane. Spiro compounds have two or more rings that are connected through only one carbon atom. The mode of ring-closing in the formation of many alicyclic compounds can be predicted by Baldwin's rules. Otto Wallach, a German chemist, received the 1910 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on alicyclic compounds.

    脂環式化合物(しかんしきかごうぶつ、alicyclic compound)とは、脂肪族化合物および環式化合物の両方の性質をもつ有機化合物のことである。脂環式化合物は芳香族性を有しない飽和または不飽和の炭素環を1以上含む。脂環式化合物には脂肪族の分枝があっても構わない。