Aquaculture

prefLabel
  • Aquaculture
definition
  • The farming of aquatic organisms including fish, molluscs, crustaceans and aquatic plants with some sort of intervention in the rearing process to enhance production, such as regular stocking, feeding, protection from predators, etc. Also referred to as Mariculture - Marine fish farming (aquaculture). Raising of marine animals and plants in the controlled or selected aquatic environments for any commercial, recreational, or public purpose.
inScheme
broader
Abstract from DBPedia
    Aquaculture, also known as aquafarming, is the farming of aquatic organisms such as fish, crustaceans, molluscs and aquatic plants. Aquaculture involves cultivating freshwater and saltwater populations under controlled conditions, and can be contrasted with commercial fishing, which is the harvesting of wild fish. Broadly speaking, the relation of aquaculture to finfish and shellfish fisheries is analogous to the relation of agriculture to hunting and gathering. Mariculture refers to aquaculture practiced in marine environments and in underwater habitats. According to the FAO, aquaculture "is understood to mean the farming of aquatic organisms including fish, molluscs, crustaceans and aquatic plants. Farming implies some form of intervention in the rearing process to enhance production, such as regular stocking, feeding, protection from predators, etc. Farming also implies individual or corporate ownership of the stock being cultivated." The reported output from global aquaculture operations would supply one half of the fish and shellfish that is directly consumed by humans; however, there are issues about the reliability of the reported figures. Further, in current aquaculture practice, products from several pounds of wild fish are used to produce one pound of a piscivorous fish like salmon. Particular kinds of aquaculture include fish farming, shrimp farming, oyster farming, mariculture, algaculture (such as seaweed farming), and the cultivation of ornamental fish. Particular methods include aquaponics and integrated multi-trophic aquaculture, both of which integrate fish farming and plant farming.

    養殖業(ようしょくぎょう、英語:aquaculture)とは、生物を、その本体または副生成物を食品や工業製品などとして利用することを目的として、人工的に育てる産業である。鑑賞や愛玩目的で育てる場合は含まない。狭義には水産業(養殖漁業)の一種で、魚介類や海藻などの水棲生物を、広義には、生物全般を育てることを指す。陸生植物に関しては栽培、哺乳類に関しては畜産あるいは酪農、鶏に関しては養鶏と呼ばれる。

    (Source: http://dbpedia.org/resource/Aquaculture)

data publication(s) found by GCMD Science Keywords)