Sediments

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  • Sediments
definition
  • Marine sediments are composed of both biogenic and terrigenous materials. Biogenic sediments includes the remains of planktic and benthic organisms, which provide a record of past climate and oceanic circulation. Terrigenous material provides a record of humidity-aridity variations on the continents, intensity and direction of winds, and other modes of sediment transport (rivers, glaciers, erosion, etc.).
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Abstract from DBPedia
    Sediment is a naturally occurring material that is broken down by processes of weathering and erosion, and is subsequently transported by the action of wind, water, or ice, and/or by the force of gravity acting on the particles. For example, sand and silt can be carried in suspension in river water and on reaching the sea be deposited by sedimentation and if buried this may eventually become sandstone and siltstone, ( sedimentary rocks). Sediments are most often transported by water (fluvial processes), but also wind (aeolian processes) and glaciers. Beach sands and river channel deposits are examples of fluvial transport and deposition, though sediment also often settles out of slow-moving or standing water in lakes and oceans. Desert sand dunes and loess are examples of aeolian transport and deposition. Glacial moraine deposits and till are ice-transported sediments.

    堆積物(たいせきぶつ、sediment)とは、礫や砂、泥などの岩石片や鉱物、生物遺骸、火山噴出物、水中の溶解物などが、水中ないし大気中の特定の場所に積み重なったもの。一般に、岩石化していないルーズな状態の土砂である。堆積物が続成作用によって固結した岩石を堆積岩という。 堆積物は、地表の大気圏、水圏、岩石圏、生物圏が密接に関連する環境のもとで、太陽光や重力等の影響を受けて発生する物理学的、化学的、生物学的な作用(堆積作用)を通じて形成され、その変化過程を解析することで様々な基礎的な地質情報を得ることができる。 未固結の堆積物とそれらが固結した堆積岩の総称としても用いられる。

    (Source: http://dbpedia.org/resource/Sediment)

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