Pollen

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  • Pollen
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  • Pollen is, collectively, the mass of microspores or pollen grains produced within the anthers of a flowering plant or the male cones of a gymnosperm.  
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Abstract from DBPedia
    Pollen is a fine to coarse powdery substance comprising pollen grains which are male microgametophytes of seed plants, which produce male gametes (sperm cells). Pollen grains have a hard coat made of sporopollenin that protects the gametophytes during the process of their movement from the stamens to the pistil of flowering plants or from the male cone to the female cone of coniferous plants. If pollen lands on a compatible pistil or female cone, it germinates, producing a pollen tube that transfers the sperm to the ovule containing the female gametophyte. Individual pollen grains are small enough to require magnification to see detail. The study of pollen is called palynology and is highly useful in paleoecology, paleontology, archaeology, and forensics. Pollen in plants is used for transferring haploid male genetic material from the anther of a single flower to the stigma of another in cross-pollination. In a case of self-pollination, this process takes place from the anther of a flower to the stigma of the same flower.

    花粉(かふん)とは、種子植物門の植物の花の雄蘂(おしべ)から出る粉状の細胞。花粉がめしべの先端(柱頭)につくことにより受粉が行われる。種子植物が有性生殖を行う際に必要となる。大きさは数10μmほどである。種により大きさは異なるが、同一種ではほぼ同じ大きさになる。 ラン科植物では花粉が塊になり、はなはだしい場合にはプラスチック片状にすらなる花粉塊を形成する。 花粉は一見では1個の細胞に見えるが共通の細胞壁内で細胞分裂が進んでおり、栄養細胞と生殖細胞が分化している。これはシダ植物の小胞子が発芽した雄性配偶体にあたるものである。

    (Source: http://dbpedia.org/resource/Pollen)